A Defence of the People of England, in Answer to Salmasiuss Defence of the King John Milton

ISBN: 9781409982302

Published: May 29th 2009

Paperback

182 pages


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A Defence of the People of England, in Answer to Salmasiuss Defence of the King  by  John Milton

A Defence of the People of England, in Answer to Salmasiuss Defence of the King by John Milton
May 29th 2009 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, ZIP | 182 pages | ISBN: 9781409982302 | 10.56 Mb

John Milton (1608-1674) was an English poet, prose polemicist and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England. Most famed for his epic poem Paradise Lost, Milton is celebrated as well for his treatise condemning censorship, Areopagitica.

JohnMoreJohn Milton (1608-1674) was an English poet, prose polemicist and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England. Most famed for his epic poem Paradise Lost, Milton is celebrated as well for his treatise condemning censorship, Areopagitica. John Milton matriculated at Christs College, Cambridge, in 1625 and, in preparation for becoming an Anglican priest, stayed on to obtain his Master of Arts degree in 1632.

While at Cambridge he wrote a number of his well-known shorter English poems, among them Ode on the Morning of Christs Nativity, his Epitaph on the Admirable Dramatick Poet, W. Shakespeare, his first poem to appear in print, LAllegro and Il Penseroso. Upon receiving his MA in 1632, Milton retired to his fathers country homes at Hammersmith and Horton and undertook six years of self-directed private study by reading both ancient and modern works of theology, philosophy, history, politics, literature and science, in preparation for his prospective poetical career. Milton continued to write poetry during this period of study: his masques Arcades and Comus were composed for noble patrons, and he contributed his pastoral elegy Lycidas to a memorial collection for one of his Cambridge classmates in 1638.

Defensio pro Populo Anglicano is a Latin polemic by John Milton, published in 1651. The full title in English is John Milton an Englishman: His Defence of the People of England. It can be considered a piece of propaganda in a non-pejorative sense, since it makes a political argument in support of what was at the time the government of England. This work was commissioned by Parliament during Oliver Cromwells protectorship of England, as a response to a work by Claudius Salmasius entitled Defensio Regia pro Carolo I (Royal Defence on behalf of Charles I).

Salmasius argued that the rebels led by Cromwell were guilty of regicide for executing King Charles. Milton responded with a detailed justification of the parliamentary party.



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